Invesco Canada blog

Insights, commentary and investing expertise

Still not sure about RRSP vs. TFSA? Here’s how to use both


February 19, 2020
Subject | Tax & Estate

Learn how to maximize long-term tax benefits using tax-sheltered or tax-deferred registered plans.
 
One of the biggest benefits of registered plans in Canada is the tax-deferral opportunity on the compound growth inside the plans. In other words, registered plans generally allow investors to avoid the periodic tax on investment income generated; non-registered plans, in contrast, expose investors to annual taxation of income distributions. Without the annual “tax-drag,” investments in registered plans can grow faster than investments in non-registered plans. Given that, which registered plan is best to use? Here are key factors to consider when deciding whether to invest in a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) or a Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA).
 
RRSP contributions are deductible against income, and RRSP redemptions are 100% taxable as income. TFSA contributions are made with after-tax money, and TFSA withdrawals are tax-free. Funds grow inside both plans on a tax-deferred basis.
 
RRSPs and TFSAs are, in fact, designed to be tax neutral, assuming a constant marginal tax rate (MTR). When an investor has a constant MTR throughout his or her working and retirement years, there should be no difference between an RRSP and a TFSA in net after-tax income.

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Resulting Trusts & Joint Accounts


January 16, 2020
Subject | Tax & Estate

One way of classifying trusts is to divide them into express trusts and trusts arising by operation of law. An express trust is created with the settlor’s intention – for example, when a parent creates a trust for a child to provide ongoing financial support into the child’s adulthood. The intention can be clearly expressed by the settlor or implied by his or her words and conduct, although the latter is a question of fact and may require sufficient evidence to prove the intention. On the other hand, a trust arising by operation of law is not established with intention, but is found by a court to exist even if the settlor did not intend to create it.

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