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Kristina Hooper | November 15, 2021

Five reasons not to be fearful of inflation

Fear is growing about inflation, but Kristina Hooper sees five reasons for investors to remain calm, including the U.S. Federal Reserve’s approach to managing the issue.

Everywhere I go, every channel I turn to — it seems all I hear is the “i” word. Yes, inflation. And the data is ugly right now:

  • The headline U.S. Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.9% for October, while core CPI (which excludes food and energy) rose 0.6% for the month.1 For the first 10 months of the year, headline CPI was up 6.2% versus the same 2020 period — well over expectations of 5.8% — and core CPI was up 4.6%.1
  • China’s Producer Price Index (PPI) for October rose 13.5% year over year, which is well above expectations.2 This is up from 10.7% year over year in September, and represents the fastest pace in 26 years.2 (China’s PPI measures the cost of goods as they leave the factory gate, before transportation or other costs are factored in.)

The data and the media attention around inflation has altered market-based inflation expectations:

  • The U.S. 5-year breakeven inflation rate finished the week above 3% for the first time in more than 10 years.3
  • Even the U.S. 10-year breakeven inflation rate has been impacted. As of Nov.12, it was 2.73%.4 That’s up from 2.33% two months ago (as of Sept. 14).4

It is also having an impact on shorter-term consumer inflation expectations:

  • Last week, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York released its Survey of Consumer Inflation Expectations for October. Median inflation expectations increased to 5.7% for one year ahead, which is a series high (although keep in mind the inception of the survey only goes back to June 2013) and the 12th consecutive increase.5 The survey had some positive takeaways: After increasing for three consecutive months, median inflation expectations for three years ahead stayed the same for October (4.2%).5
  • The University of Michigan released its preliminary survey results for November on Nov. 12, and the findings are very similar to that of the New York Fed. U.S. inflation expectations for the year ahead edged up to 4.9% in early November of 2021 from 4.8%in October, the highest since July 2008.6 However, five-year inflation expectations are unchanged since the previous reading at 2.9%.6

Reasons to remain calm about inflation

Most of the questions we are receiving from clients are on the topic of inflation. Financial advisors are sharing with me that most questions they are receiving from clients are on the topic of inflation. Older clients in particular are fearful that this is the 1970s all over again.

So why shouldn’t investors be fearful of inflation? I see five reasons to remain calm.

  1. Inflation is a necessary evil as countries emerge from the pandemic, especially for the many countries, such as the United States, that provided adequate fiscal stimulus this time around (as opposed to during the Global Financial Crisis). Household savings is elevated, there is pent-up demand, there are labour shortages and there are supply chain disruptions.

    We’re facing a perfect storm — but it’s better than still being in the depths of the pandemic. As I say each birthday, as I grimace about the growing candles on my cake, “This is better than the alternative.” And so it is with high inflation.
  2. While the tunnel may be a bit longer than first expected, I do see light at the end of it. The public has come to realize that inflation likely won’t be over in a few months — but I believe it is likely to peak in mid-2022 and then start to recede. There are multiple reasons for elevated inflation, and some factors, such as pent-up demand, will dissipate sooner than others, but the general trend should improve in the back half of 2022.
  3. Tolerant central banks. The U.S. Federal Reserve (Fed) will not overreact to the inflation data, in my view. The Fed recognizes that the factors causing high inflation will not easily be remedied through aggressive rate hikes. Raising the fed funds rate will not force more people back into the workforce or get ships unloaded in the port of Long Beach any faster.

    Under the leadership of Chair Jay Powell, the Fed seems hyper-aware of not making a policy error. And I think the Fed would only get more dovish if Lael Brainerd were appointed the new Fed Chair. (Brainerd, a member of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, recently interviewed for the post.)

    While other developed central banks may feel more pressure to tighten, I don’t expect overly aggressive tightening. It is also worth noting that the People’s Bank of China is actually in easing mode. And so, all in all, the environment should remain supportive of risk assets given positive economic fundamentals.
  4. Longer-term inflation expectations remain relatively well-anchored. Consumers seem to understand that while inflation might be very elevated in the shorter term, it will come down. We saw this in both the Michigan and New York Fed surveys released last week. This helps provide the rationale the Fed needs to avoid a hastening of its rate hikes.
  5. Inflation is not making much of a dent in profit margins. Yes, companies are talking a lot about inflation on their earnings calls, but it hasn’t had much of an impact on earnings. The earnings season in Europe has been better than expected. And thus far, the net profit margin for S&P 500 Index companies in the third quarter is 12.9%, which is near a record-high.7 And the fourth quarter net profit margin is estimated to be 11.8%, which is still robust.7

    In this quarter’s earnings calls, a number of companies reported being able to pass increased costs onto customers, which helps explain the very healthy profit margins. And while this is not positive for consumers, it should be positive for equity investors.

So what’s the bottom line? I believe we need to expect inflation to remain high — and likely move higher — as we head into 2022. However, I am confident that inflation will peak by mid-2022 and that the Fed will not make a policy error — and that’s the real fear for investors with regard to inflation. I believe investors should remain well-diversified and focused on longer-term goals. I favour maintaining exposure to equities, including dividend-paying equities, inflation-protected securities, and other asset classes that have historically performed well during inflationary periods, including real estate and commodities.

1 Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics

2 Source: National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China

3 Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4 Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5 Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York, released Nov. 8, 2021

6 Source: University of Michigan as of Nov. 12

7 Source: FactSet, as of Nov. 12, 2021

More from Kristina Hooper

2022 Investment Outlook: Assessing the path ahead
December 6, 2021

Investors grapple with uncertainty as Omicron rattles markets
November 29, 2021

Five reasons not to be fearful of inflation
November 15, 2021

On the path to normal
November 8, 2021

Nine things for investors to watch this week
November 2, 2021

How much pessimism is too much?
October 25, 2021

Understanding inflation expectations and why they matter
October 18, 2021

How much will supply chain issues weigh on earnings season?
October 12, 2021

After an awful month for stocks, what’s in store for October?
October 4, 2021

What’s next in the evolving Evergrande situation?
September 28, 2021

What to watch this week: The U.S. Federal Reserve FOMC and Evergrande
September 20, 2021

Markets look for a foothold to climb the ‘wall of worry’
September 13, 2021

Destined for a downturn? I say the economy can weather this storm.
September 7, 2021

Powell reassures markets that the U.S. Federal Reserve won’t rush rate hikes
August 30, 2021

As COVID cases rise, will U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Powell address tapering?
August 23, 2021

The U.S. Federal Reserve’s foreshadowing may help avoid another ‘taper tantrum’
August 16, 2021

What the U.S. Federal Reserve’s rate hike comments may mean for the economic recovery and investors
August 9, 2021

A closer look at the Chinese tech sell-off
August 3, 2021

Now’s the time to prepare for the next market sell-off
July 26, 2021

The U.S. economic re-opening drives inflationary pressures while COVID-19 weighs on markets
July 19, 2021

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Some references are U.S. centric and may not apply to Canada.

Commissions, trailing commissions, management fees and expenses may all be associated with mutual fund investments. Mutual funds are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated. Please read the simplified prospectus before investing. Copies are available from your advisor or from Invesco Canada Ltd.

All investing involves risk, including the risk of loss.

The consumer price index (CPI) measures change in consumer prices as determined by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Core CPI excludes food and energy prices.

The breakeven inflation rate is the difference between the yield of a nominal bond and the yield of an inflation-linked bond of the same maturity. It represents the market’s expectations for inflation.

Diversification does not guarantee a profit or eliminate the risk of loss.

In general, stock values fluctuate, sometimes widely, in response to activities specific to the company as well as general market, economic and political conditions.

Common stocks do not assure dividend payments. Dividends are paid only when declared by an issuer’s board of directors and the amount of any dividend may vary over time.

Commodities may subject an investor to greater volatility than traditional securities such as stocks and bonds and can fluctuate significantly based on weather, political, tax, and other regulatory and market developments.

Investments in real estate related instruments may be affected by economic, legal, or environmental factors that affect property values, rents or occupancies of real estate. Real estate companies, including REITs or similar structures, tend to be small and mid-cap companies and their shares may be more volatile and less liquid.

The opinions referenced above are those of the author as of Nov. 15, 2021. These comments should not be construed as recommendations, but as an illustration of broader themes. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions; there can be no assurance that actual results will not differ materially from expectations.